بصمة بنات
أهلا ومرحبا بيكِ معنا ♬ 彡

نتمنى أن تستمتعي معنا ..

هيا انضمي لنا.. ツ

فنحن بانتظار بصمتك.. 。◕‿◕。

بصمة بنات

تعليمي ترفيهي .
 
الرئيسيةالبوابةالأعضاءالتسجيلدخول

شاطر | 
 

 About Passive Voice

استعرض الموضوع السابق استعرض الموضوع التالي اذهب الى الأسفل 
كاتب الموضوعرسالة
E7sas 9amet
بصمة نشيطة
بصمة نشيطة
avatar

المساهمات : 67
تاريخ التسجيل : 02/01/2011
العمر : 24

مُساهمةموضوع: About Passive Voice   الجمعة يناير 07, 2011 2:22 pm



Passive Voice

The passive voice is less usual than the active voice. The active voice is the "normal" voice. But sometimes we need the passive voice. In this bage we look at how to construct the passive voice, when to use it and how to conjugate it.

Construction of the Passive Voice

The structure of the passive voice is very simple:



subject + auxiliary verb (be) + main verb (past participle)

The main verb is always in its past participle form.



e.g.: Water is drunk by every body.





We use the passive when:



*we want to make the active object more important

*we do not know the active subject



Note that we always use by to introduce the passive object (Fish are eaten by cats).



Look at this sentence:



* He was killed with a gun.



Normally we use by to introduce the passive object.

But the gun is not the active subject.

The gun did not kill him.

He was killed by somebody with a gun.

In the active voice, it would be:

Somebody killed him with a gun. The gun is the instrument. Somebody is the "agent" or "doer".

Conjugation for the Passive Voice

We can form the passive in any tense. In fact, conjugation of verbs in the passive tense is rather easy, as the main verb is always in past participle form and the auxiliary verb is always be. To form the required tense, we conjugate the auxiliary verb. So, for example:



* present simple: It is made

* present continuous: It is being made

* present perfect: It has been made



Here are some examples with most of the possible tenses:



Simple: (new S. + V.*be* + V3 )

* present: It is cleaned by her.

* past : It was cleaned by her.

* future: It will be cleaned by her.





Progressive: (new S. + V.*be* + being + V3 + obj. of prop.)

* present: It is being cleaned by her.

* past : It was being cleaned by her.

* future: It will be being cleaned by her.





Perfect simple:

* present: It has been cleaned by her.

* past : It had been cleaned by her.

* future: It will have been cleaned by her.





Perfect progressive:

* present: It has been being cleaned.

* past : It had been being cleaned.

* future: It will have been being cleaned.


** I hope you really understand this grammer and no have wrong In sha2 Allah.
with my love ^_^




الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة اذهب الى الأسفل
معاينة صفحة البيانات الشخصي للعضو
 
About Passive Voice
استعرض الموضوع السابق استعرض الموضوع التالي الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة 
صفحة 1 من اصل 1
 مواضيع مماثلة
-
» AV Voice Changer Software Diamond 5.0.19

صلاحيات هذا المنتدى:لاتستطيع الرد على المواضيع في هذا المنتدى
بصمة بنات :: لنفيد ونستفيد من .. :: ملتقى المواد :: عالم اللغة الانجليزية-
انتقل الى: